16 August 2018

International Viewpoint

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International Viewpoint, the monthly English-language magazine of the Fourth International, is a window to radical alternatives world-wide, carrying reports, analysis and debates from all corners of the globe. Correspondents in over 50 countries report on popular struggles, and the debates that are shaping the left of tomorrow.
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Workers say no to Vietnam's ‘Special Exploitation Zones'

15/08/2018 - 16:42

On Sunday, 10 June 2018, thousands of people took to the streets in major Vietnamese cities—Nha Trang, Binh Thuan, Hanoi, and Ho Chi Minh City, among others. Academics, independent journalists, and overseas Vietnamese signed petitions to join in their protest against the Draft Law on the 99-year lease of the three Special Administrative and Economic coastal zones in Vietnam. Workers, too, went on strike in two industrial zones in Long An and Tien Giang provinces. These collective actions led to a concession from the government: it would delay the National Assembly's ratification of the Draft Law to its next meeting.

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An authentic revolution in 1979

15/08/2018 - 08:20

On 9 July 1979, an authentic popular revolution triumphed over the dictatorial dynasty of the Somoza regime. The Sandinista National Liberation Front (in Spanish – Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional-FSLN) played a fundamental part in the victory thanks to its role in the armed struggle, its political initiatives and its capacity to represent the aspirations of the people. Nevertheless, the FSLN would never have won out against the dictatorship without the immense mobilization of the majority of the Nicaraguan population. Without the courage and abnegation of the people, the Somoza dictatorship, supported by Washington for several decades, could not have been decisively overthrown. Support from Cuba also had a decisive effect.

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“The patriarchal system weighs on the political structures”

14/08/2018 - 08:01

Although Argentina is currently debating abortion, the subject remains one of the great taboos of the South American continent. Charles Delouche spoke to lecturer in Latin American Studies at the University of Grenoble and “International Viewpoint” collaborator Franck Gaudichaud about the situation for the French daily newspaper Libération on August 7, 2018 (before the Argentine Senate voted to reject abortion legalisation).

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Whither Korea

13/08/2018 - 08:54

Seoul, South Korea, It is still unclear how the situation in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) will develop. Beyond the process of negotiations and trade agreements among rulers, there is an urgent need to establish a class policy for the workers on the Korean Peninsula. How the Korean political situation develops will reveal itself only in the struggles between the capitalist and working classes. How should the workers' movement operate in the context of this class struggle? The specific means may vary according to circumstances and conditions, but they will inevitably be connected to the fundamental problem, “capitalism or socialism?”

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“It Really Comes Down to Empowering the Working Class”

12/08/2018 - 05:54

On the heels of democratic socialist Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's unexpected victory against a ten-term incumbent in the recent Bronx and Queens Democratic primary, House minority leader Nancy Pelosi swore that socialism is not ascendant. It was kind of like a realtor informing you that the house isn't haunted; the only reason to bring it up is because there have been sightings, the stairs creak at night.

- IV523 - August 2018 /

Challenge of the Students Uprising

11/08/2018 - 06:05

The students' movement that erupted on 29 July following the death of two students in a tragic road accident in Dhaka spread to almost all the major cities of the country. Thousands of outraged school and college students laid siege to the streets of the capital Dhaka for a week demanding road safety across the country. Within days its verve and militancy shook the despotic ‘democratic' regime of Prime Minister Hasina Wajid's Awami League (AL), the party of Bangladesh's national bourgeoisie.

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Joint Statement: Stop the repression of students in Bangladesh!

10/08/2018 - 10:27

The undersigned Asia-Pacific left parties and organisations condemn the violent repression of the peaceful protests by students in Bangladesh.

- 2. News from around the world / ,

Safe, legal and free abortion: against dogmatic morality

10/08/2018 - 00:38

The revolt of women continues its walk without pause, now the legalisation of elective abortion has been voted through by the chamber of deputies and will be voted on by the Senate. (After this article was written, legalisation was voted down in the Senate by 38 votes to 31.) For dogmatic morals the eruption of the younger generations marks a before and after.

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On 25 June a feminist strike everywhere

10/08/2018 - 00:38

The outcome of the Senate vote is now known : 31 votes for decriminalization, 38 against. However the breadth and depth of the mobilization as indicated by this call show that victory will be achieved in the short term.

Ni Una Menos (“Not One Less”) is the common name of unitary feminist mobilizations against violence against women, first in Argentina (June 3, 2015 and 2016) then in other countries, such as Uruguay (2015), the Spanish State (2015), Chile and Peru (2016). Unitary collectives with this name have been created in several countries. This is the call of the Argentine collective to the general strike organized by the Union centres against the policy of the government Macri, published by the daily newspaper Pagina 12.

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For our right to a Legal, Safe and Free Abortion in Argentina!

10/08/2018 - 00:20

This statement was initiated by Democracia Socialista, sympathising group of the Fourth International in Argentina. Despite massive support in Argentina and worldwide the Senate voted on 8 August by 38 to 31 votes, with two abstentions and two absent, against the proposed decriminalisation.

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The coup d'état of 2016, the current stage and the tasks of the Left

09/08/2018 - 16:21

Thesis one. The Dilma government was overthrown by an institutional coup d'état, in the midst of an offensive by the reactionary and ultra-neoliberal right, thus creating a difficult situation for the left and for all popular struggles.

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It was never about the Istanbul Convention

08/08/2018 - 06:27

The debate over the ratification of the so called “Istanbul Convention” in Bulgaria, as in some other countries in the region, became a huge public scandal and probably the most important political matter of 2018. Originally intended to provide states with a framework for prevention and reduction of domestic violence against women, the document has become a byword for a conspiracy against the Bulgarian people and their supposed “traditional values” violated by foreign liberal powers through the use of “gender ideology”. On the 27th of July the Constitutional Court, referred to the matter by 75 deputies to the National Assembly, ruled that the Convention is incompatible with the constitution. The ruling revealed what the actual struggle was about.

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The troika leaves, its misdeeds remain

07/08/2018 - 09:09

In a few days (August 20, 2018), after more than eight years of direct European management of the country, Greece will celebrate the official end of the troika. And the enthusiastic statements of the European elites (European Commission, Tsipras, Merkel and others) resonate, despite the terrible damage caused by the Troika, as applause! Recall that the invention of the troika in Europe was made in early 2010, supposedly to fight against Greece's huge public debt.

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Nicaragua's Popular Rebellion Stopped—For Now

06/08/2018 - 06:31

What is the state of the popular rebellion in Nicaragua? What brought about the rebellion? Who is involved in the rebellion? Who are the most important national and international actors? And what is the nature of the Left's debate over Nicaragua?

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Construct an internationalist anti-capitalist project

05/08/2018 - 09:22

Italians, initially favourable to the project of European unity, have gradually changed position in the face of austerity policies carried out by centre right and centre left governments (justified every time by European directives and endorsed by the big trade union organisations), which have greatly worsened the living and working conditions of working people.

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Imran Khan's Pyrrhic Victory

05/08/2018 - 06:22

As the PTI (Pakistan Justice Movement) emerged with the largest number of seats in the national assembly there were widespread jubilations, mainly amongst the petit bourgeois youth. However, the enthusiasm seems to have been somewhat muted and its echoes in society limited. It was tainted by accusations of blatant pre-poll rigging by the establishment that had come into conflict with Nawaz Sharif, on issues ranging from Sharif's quest for improving business relations with India, the granting of contracts in the CPEC and other major projects and civilian supremacy, trying to take control on security issues, the dealings by the military with the so-called “good Taliban”, and the independence of the civilian government. In a controversial verdict, few legal experts agree upon, the Supreme Court ultimately ousted Sharif from the prime ministership last July.

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Fires in Greece: the politics of natural disasters

04/08/2018 - 04:36

The government has persistently allowed private interests in construction, industry and tourism to be prioritised over serious ecological and safety concerns. It's difficult to discuss natural disasters, even more so in the case where dozens of human lives have been lost in the most horrific way.

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Migration policies are the key question

03/08/2018 - 05:30

In Germany the role of the “European question” has changed considerably since the introduction of the single currency and – even more so – since the “Greek crisis”. Until the early 2000s, there was very little resistance to the European Union and to European integration generally. Everybody was pleased by the progressive disappearance of border controls. The introduction of the single currency also facilitated foreign holidays (representing around 40% of German holidaymakers), so why worry?

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Fascist Attack on Women's March

02/08/2018 - 15:13

In the face of the attack by fascist groups on Chile's feminist movement, we, the undersigned, state:

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For an internationalist break with the EU institutions

02/08/2018 - 05:00

Opinion polls indicate that Spanish citizens are among the most favourable to the European Union, and to a greater intervention on its part in national debates. The reasons for this situation are historic: in our country, European integration is identified with the end of the dictatorship and democratic normalisation. However, the economic crisis and the manner in which it has been managed from Brussels and Frankfurt has led to the beginning of a change of perception with respect to the EU.

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