9 April 2020

International Viewpoint

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International Viewpoint, the monthly English-language magazine of the Fourth International, is a window to radical alternatives world-wide, carrying reports, analysis and debates from all corners of the globe. Correspondents in over 50 countries report on popular struggles, and the debates that are shaping the left of tomorrow.
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Capitalist crisis, “deglobalization,” and the Left's challenges

05/02/2020 - 10:42

At the time of this speech, the new “progressive” government of the Socialist Party and Unidas Podemos had not yet won a parliamentary mandate. But Manuel Garí, who along with Anticapitalistas, was a founding member of Podemos in 2014, had a number of pointed criticisms of Podemos' trajectory as well as analyses of the new government's likely direction.

- IV541 - February 2020 / , ,

Thirteen these on the imminent ecological catastrophe and the (revolutionary) means of averting it

04/02/2020 - 07:50

I. The ecological crisis is already the most important social and political question of the 21st century, and will become even more so in the coming months and years. The future of the planet, and thus of humanity, will be determined in the coming decades. Calculations by certain scientists as to scenarios for the year 2100 aren't very useful for two reasons: a) scientific: considering all the retroactive effects impossible to calculate, it is very risky to make projections over a century. B) political: at the end of the century, all of us, our children and grandchildren will be gone, so who cares?

- IV541 - February 2020 / ,

The Amazon under the Bolsonaro government: environmental devastation and attacks on indigenous peoples

03/02/2020 - 09:10

One of the most striking features of the first year of Jair Bolsonaro's government was its "anti-environmental" policy, which was covered by the international press following the senseless remarks made by the President of the Republic and his Minister of the Environment, Ricardo Salles. This policy has manifested itself in numerous scandals, such as the increase in deforestation and burning in the Amazon rainforest, as well as attacks against indigenous (Amerindian) peoples, illustrated by the assassination of Amerindian leaders, such as those belonging to the Guajajara (in the state of Maranhão) and Waiãpi (in the state of Amapá) peoples. The number of murders of members of indigenous peoples is the highest in the last 11 years, with 7 leaders assassinated by order of the Capital, this year alone.

- IV541 - February 2020 / ,

From scandal to scandal in Haiti

02/02/2020 - 07:23

On 12 January 2010 a powerful earthquake devastated the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti. The buildings were often badly made, with poor quality cement. About 250,000 people were killed (one person in ten) and hundreds of thousands were injured or missing. Since then, the damaged houses have hardly been repaired and new homes have been built in the same way as they were before the earthquake, without taking into account anti-seismic standards.

- IV541 - February 2020 /

Salvini pushed back but hard right remains strong

01/02/2020 - 07:22

Regional elections in two parts of Italy, Emilia Romagna and Calabria were held on Sunday 26 January. They were seen as posing a big challenge to the government if Salvini's Lega (League, formerly Northern League) won.

- IV541 - February 2020 /

The popular demonstrations continue!

31/01/2020 - 08:01

In the face of geopolitical tensions instrumentalized by the imperialist power of the US and regional powers such as Iran, the struggling popular classes remain the lodestar of progressives and internationalists around the world.

- IV540 - January 2020 / , ,

SNCF : The strike is haunting the bosses

30/01/2020 - 22:28

While the historic strike movement at the SNCF has been going on for almost 60 days, senators and the SNCF are hand in hand to try to break this movement by any means necessary.

- 2. News from around the world /

From Lula to Bolsonaro

30/01/2020 - 07:10

“In December 1991 [...] Lula and the PT stood for the struggle against odious and illegitimate debt.”

- IV540 - January 2020 / ,

Being a mayor and a revolutionary in Algeria

29/01/2020 - 07:59

Our comrade Mohand Sadek Akrour, PST mayor of Barbacha, in Kabylia, answered our questions about his activity as mayor of a commune confronted with a particularly corrupt and blocked system, and about the struggles that the comrades lead in the city with the population.

- IV540 - January 2020 /

Megafires in Australia: a climate tipping point, live

28/01/2020 - 06:59

The expression ‘tipping point' refers to the point when a system passes from one system of equilibrium to another, the point where it is no longer possible to prevent accumulated quantitative changes from causing a qualitative change. It is used in many different fields, from population studies to climate change, as well as social sciences.

- IV540 - January 2020 / , ,

“Material, social and ideological preconditions for the Nazi genocide”

27/01/2020 - 21:34

This is the text of Ernest Mandel's contribution to a symposium on the Nazi genocide held in Brussels in 1988. It was first published in French in Yannis Thanassekos and Heinz Wismann, eds., Révision de l'Histoire: Totalitarisme, crimes et génocides nazis, Editions du Cerf, Paris 1990, pp. 169-74. The English translation was published in Gilbert Achcar. ed., The Legacy of Ernest Mandel, Verso, London 1999, pp. 225 - 232.

- 1. Ernest Mandel Archive / ,

Without a Treaty, Australia Day Will Always Be Invasion Day

27/01/2020 - 08:17

For Indigenous Australians, Australia Day commemorates nothing but the invasion of their territories. While the Change the Date campaign gathers momentum, only a Treaty can begin to address the trauma and bloodshed of British settlement.

- IV540 - January 2020 /

The mobilization is continuing, so is Macron's isolation

26/01/2020 - 16:07

Since 20 January, the movement for the withdrawal of the proposed Macron-Philippe pension counter-reform has entered its second act. Despite the fact that the last few days have seen the end of the SNCF and RATP strikes, the mobilization is far from over and the hundreds of thousands of demonstrators on 24 January made clear their determination to continue fighting for several more weeks.

- IV540 - January 2020 /

Why They Killed Patrice Lumumba

25/01/2020 - 09:39

Patrice Lumumba was a radical leader of the Congolese independence movement who resisted Belgian colonialism and corporate interests. That's why he was assassinated in a US-backed coup 59 years ago today [24 January].

- IV540 - January 2020 / ,

A presidential election to ensure the system's continuity

24/01/2020 - 08:51

In the days leading up to 12 December 2019 in Paris, New York and even Montreal in a temperature of -13°C, Algerians organized themselves in front of the polling stations to put the case for voters not to endorse the electoral masquerade. They wanted to set an example from the outside to the Algerian people. This gave confidence to the people to contest the presidential election called by the de facto regime in order to ensure its continuity.

- IV540 - January 2020 /

The Power of Gulf Capitalism

23/01/2020 - 10:07

ADAM HANIEH HAS produced a compelling and well-documented account of the modern evolution of capitalism in the Persian Gulf. Skillfully utilizing the Marxist categories of class, state, and mode of production he situates the role of Gulf capitalists, organized around the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), within the larger global capitalist economy. His concluding chapter ties the economic trends he details to an analysis of the political crises of the past decade.

- 7. Reviews section / , , , ,

Syria's Unfinished Revolution

23/01/2020 - 08:43

PERHAPS MORE THAN any other recent question, the Syrian Revolution confused and divided the international left. Many dismissed the revolt as a “color revolution” orchestrated by the United States, and some became willing spokespeople for Bashar al-Assad's regime, recycling its talking points and conspiracy theories.

- 7. Reviews section / , ,

Problems with an Electoral Road to Socialism in the United States

23/01/2020 - 08:35

In a welcome sign, the recent revitalization of the socialist left, particularly the spectacular growth of Democratic Socialists of America, has revived debate about the road to socialism. Also, fortunately, the discussion, which has partially played out in the pages of Jacobin, has gone beyond a simple revisiting of the old “reform versus revolution” argument of early twentieth-century social democracy. Vivek Chibber “Our Road to Power,” Jacobin, 5 December 2017) and Eric Blanc (most recently in his debate with Charlie Post, “Which Way to Socialism,” Jacobin, 21 July 2019) have raised important problems with applying a revolutionary model from the Russian Revolution of 1917 to modern industrial countries with parliamentary systems. Blanc's observation that “a government elected by universal suffrage has vastly more popular legitimacy than the tsarist autocracy” is particularly valid and important.

- 3. Debate / ,

“We the (Seditious) People”: Repression and Revolution in South Asia

23/01/2020 - 08:20

Colonial-era sedition laws used to criminalize dissent to protect imperial sovereignty. Now that “The People are sovereign” in independent India and Pakistan, why are they still being charged with sedition?

- IV540 - January 2020 /

Fighting back is the only way out of Bolsonaro's Brazil

22/01/2020 - 10:20

Brazil dominates Latin America's economy. And although the coup in Bolivia, uprisings in Chile, Ecuador, and Columbia, Trump's threats against Iran, Australian megafires, mass strikes in India and France, anti-government protests in Lebanon, and the British elections have pushed Brazil off the front of the international pages, what happens in Brazil will go a long way to determining the social and politic balance of power in Latin America in the coming period. In just one year, far-right Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro has done a lot of damage. The Amazon rain forest is burning, social services, education, culture, women's rights, and unions are under attack. Bolsonaro and his followers have given the green light to the murder of indigenous activists, they have threatened LGTBQ people and elected officials, their fingerprints are all over the assassination of Party of Socialism and Freedom Rio de Janeiro city councilor Marielle France, and they have launched a campaign against “cultural Marxism.” Yet, despite legitimate fears, Bolsonaro has not managed to consolidate a neo-fascist party, his administration is enmeshed in growing corruptions scandals, and the judiciary was forced to release former Workers Party (PT) president Lula in October, who stands as a unique electoral threat to Bolsonaro's reelection in 2022.

- IV540 - January 2020 /

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